This brochure introduces SNVs work in Agricultural and Forest products in Asia. SNV Asia works to ensure the rural poor gain full benefits from their land and forests, enhancing productivity, increasing incomes and improving living conditions while striving to protect these natural resources from degradation.
This teaching guide outlines the tools that are recommended for use in the teaching of banana lessons in schools. These are the banana demonstration plot and calendar. The deliveries of banana lessons need to have a direct link with these two teaching resources so as to make them as practical and beneficial as possible.
This document presents basic information about biogas technology in the form of Biogas Digest Volume 1. The document contains 14 sections. They are respectively:
• Biogas Basics
• History of Biogas Technology
• Parameters and process optimisation
• They Physical Appearance of Different Types of Biogas Plants
• Biogas Appliances
• Organic Fertilizer from Biogas Plants
• The Contribution of Biogas Technology to Conservation and Development
• Limitations of Biogas Technology
• Biogas – Framework Conditions
• Socio-Cultural Aspects of Biogas Projects
• Social Problems Affecting the Propagation of Biogas Technology
• Political and Administrative Frame Conditions for Biogas Programmes
• Environmental Frame Conditions of Biogas Technology
This document presents basic information about biogas technology in the form of Biogas Digest Volume 4. The document contains 19 sections on different countries and regions. They are respectively:
• Biogas technology in Bangladesh
• Biogas technology in Belize
• Biogas technology in Bolivia (region Chochabamba)
• Biogas technology in Burundi
• Biogas technology in China (Sichuan)
• Biogas technology in Columbia
• Biogas technology in India
• Biogas technology in Orissa (India)
• Biogas technology in Sangli (India)
• Biogas technology in the Ivory Coast (region of Korhogo)
• Biogas technology in Jamaica
• Biogas technology on Java (province of Central Java)
• Biogas technology in Kenya
• Biogas technology in Morocco (region of Souss-Massa)
• Biogas technology in Nepal
• Biogas technology in Tanzania
• Biogas technology in Thailand
• Biogas technology in Tunisia (Sejenane, El Kef)
• Biogas technology in Vietnam
Kossmann, W., Ponits, U., Habermehl, S., et al., Biogas digest: biogas application and product development (volume II), ISAT & GTZ, 1997, 81p.
This document presents basic information about biogas technology in the form of Biogas Digest Volume 2. The document contains 26 sections. They are respectively:
• Biogas – Application and Product Development
• Biogas – Digester Types
• Biogas Plant Types and Design
• Parts of Biogas Plants
• Optional Parts of Biogas Plants
• Balancing Biogas Production and Energy Demand
• Biogas Planning Guide
• Step-by-Step Planning Checklist for Biogas Plants
• Sizing a biogas plan
• Siting of the Biogas Unit
• Substrate types and management
• Construction Details of Biogas Plants
• Checklist for building a biogas plant
• Piping Systems
• Pumps for Biogas Plants
• Slurry-Use Equipment
• Plasters and Coats for Digester and Gas-Holders
• Underground Water
• Operation and Use
• Biogas- Sludge Management
• Annual Manure Yield and Nutrient Content of Animal Excrements
• Maintenance, Monitoring and Repair
• Biogas Utilization
• Gas Yields and Methane Contents for Various Substrates
This report presents profiles and stories of the BSP-Nepal phase IV (July 2003-July 2010) that has been implemented after successful completion of the first 3 phases. AEPC is the executing agency and Biogas Sector Partnership– Nepal (BSP-Nepal) is the implementing agency. The programme had originally aimed to install 200,000 biogas plants during the Phase–IV period. This is also a target envisaged in the Tenth Plan (mid July 2002 to mid-June 2009) of the GoN.
The first part of the report elaborates on the profile of the fourth phase of BSP. This part presents information on: the overall objectives and outputs; targets and expected results; an introduction of BSP-Nepa with an organogram, vision, mission, objectives, strategy, a scheme with the institutional set-up; An introduction of biogas technology with a plant design; the potential of biogas in Nepal; Plant costs and subsidy rates; BSP and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM); a scheme of the district wise potential and construction of biogas plants.
The second part of the report is called stories. This narrative part consist of stories with the titles: Biogas in Jumla; Growing attraction towards organic tea; Making Economic Sense; Going Higher; Exemplary Village; The Change in Jyangbo; Loan for biogas, Energy for the Poor; Organic Farming with Slurry; The Change in Village Life brought by Biogas; The Newfound Happiness, Less Hardship for Women; So What if one does not have Cattles!; Change in the lifestyle of Solukhumbu people.
The goal of the National Biogas Programme for Cameroon is to bring tangible and quantifiable improvements in the quality of life of rural households in Cameroon.
This report presents data about Cameroon related to a domestic biogas programme. The report contains 9 chapters. Chapter 1 introduces the country and the energy sector. Chapter two presents the biogas experience in Cameroon so far at institutional and domestic level. It also elaborates on the lessons learnt. Chapter 3 provides the key elements of a national biogas programme with its goal, objective, policy linkages and national biogas target. The fourth chapter elaborates on the institutional arrangement with a programme approach, advisory and implementation partners, and the roles and responsibilities at central and local levels. Chapter 5 describes the programme implementation activities with an annual programme framework, regional distribution of plants and Transitional Phase (year 1) programmes. Programme components and overall cost make up chapter 6. Salient features, activity and budget headings, source of funding, and income from GHG emission reductions are paragraph headers in this chapter. Chapter 7 presents the subsidy and credit arrangements with lessons learnt from other countries. Chapter 8 shows demonstration phase activities and outcomes with a focus on the design and approach, demonstration phase activities and lessons learnt and recommendations. The last chapter elaborates on the technology and the choice of the digester model. Different designs and models are presented with emphasis on the GGC 2074 model. The chapter ends with a description of the benefits of biogas use.
In this publication, the secret of SNV's success in domestic biogas programmes is revealed: the multi-stakeholder sector development approach in optimising organisational and institutional capacities within national contexts. From 1992 onwards, SNV has supported the preparation and implementation of national domestic biogas programmes in countries in Asia and in Africa. In particular, the programmes in Nepal and Vietnam have met with a fair amount of international acclaim. This paper, however, attempts to explore whether SNV's approach regarding national biogas programmes has been of any significance. Key question this paper attempts to answer is:
"What is the secret of the successful domestic biogas programmes, and what is SNV doing to achieve this success?"
Before suggesting answers to this question, this paper briefly explains the technology of domestic biogas, the services it potentially provides to its customers, and how these services link to the needs of rural farming households in developing countries. It discusses what we think are the main features and associated challenges of SNV's approach:
• Facilitating thorough, participatory and context-specific preparation;
• Establishing a sustainable sector as the ultimate long-term objective;
• Interlinking impact and capacity development targets;
• Promoting a market-oriented approach;
• Attributing sector functions to multiple stakeholders.
The paper concludes with an epilogue in which the presented features are put in the framework of programmatic, technical and financial sustainability. To provide the reader with some background information on large-scale domestic biogas programmes, a brief description of the biogas programme in Nepal is added.
The project “Acceleration of Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) towards reaching Rwanda’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)” dubbed the WASH project, continues change the water and sanitation landscape in the districts of Nyabihu, Rubavu, Musanze and Burera. By the end of 2013, the project will have brought safe water to nearly 500,000 people. It will also have delivered improved gender-sensitive sanitation facilities to 50 health centres and 200 schools; changing the lives of 250,000 pupils and 450,000 new users in rural areas use improved sanitation facilities and safe hygiene practices, including hand washing with soap (or ash), after toilet use and before eating and feeding.
The second objective of the water and sanitation strategy of 2010 is to “ensure sustainable functionality of rural water supply infrastructure by developing effective management structures”. The WASH project has focused on establishing sustainable, functional services through delegated management to provide water at affordable cost.