The book contains valuable information on different aspects of biogas technology in Nepal, including a detail account of the historical background of its development.
The book contains 21 chapters and is divided in two parts. The first part deals with theoretical aspects of biogas technology, while the second concentrates on biogas development aspects particularly in the context of Nepal. Based upon the research works carried out in Nepal and elsewhere, the authors have made an attempt to include as much information as possible in this book. Theoretical, as well as practical information has been embedded so as to acquaint the readers with latest development in biogas technology. However, biogas technology being so vast subject, the information provided in this book is not claimed to be exhaustive.
The Editorial Board is of the opinion that this book will be useful not only to the national and international institutions and/or professionals concerned with the promotion and development of biogas technology in Nepal but also to those who want to carry out R & D activities in the field of biogas technology. Furthermore, the book can serve as a text and/or reference book to the Renewable Energy Courses offered by the colleges or universities in Nepal and elsewhere.
Nepal Biogas Support Program is a successful model of development cooperation, technological innovation, financial engineering and market development that have helped address some of the social, economic, energy and environmental needs of the rural areas. Within the three phases, the BSP has successfully constructed 111,395 biogas systems and it has helped open the market for the production
and sale of biogas systems.
An important feature of the BSP has been its innovative financial engineering and judicious application of consumer subsidies to help develop the market for biogas systems. The program has also strengthened the institutional support for the development of the biogas market. Biogas systems provide multiple benefits at the household, local, national and World level. The key benefits are related to gender, environment, health and institutional strengthening. An economic analysis of the entire BSP I, II & III results in an estimated EIRR of 35 percent when only the benefits of fuel wood and kerosene savings are accounted for. The acceleration of biogas dissemination in Nepal will face a number of challenges such as
developing a viable business plan, raising revenues to finance the management operations of the BSP, and seeking alternatives for subsidy support to ensure affordability and quality control.
In conclusion, the BSP has been successful and beneficial. It has successfully commercialised and increased the use of an indigenous renewable and sustainable energy resource. The SNV/BSP has positively affected the lives of the poor and especially women and children in the rural areas.