The USAID-funded Vietnam Forests and Deltas Program is enhancing climate change resilience planning and action from community to national level. The program will put into practice the national policies and strategies on response to climate change and low emissions development with a focus on reducing emissions from forestry and agriculture sectors and strengthening climate-smart livelihoods and settlements, particularly in rural areas. Addressing long-term climate change risks and gender vulnerabilities in both forest and delta landscapes are key program objectives.
The PACEBCo local development fund is part of the larger PACEBCo programme (Congo Basin Ecosystems Conservation Programme). This local development fund will benefit 5.8 million people in six landscapes spread across seven ECCAS countries (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, DR Congo, Rwanda and Congo). The Fund from the African Development Bank will finance around 300 development micro projects (infrastructures and income generating activities), combined with providing necessary capacity building services.
For Vietnam and Lao PDR, which contain large areas of degraded forests the issue of forest carbon stock enhancement should be an integral part of any National REDD+ Strategy. To date, in these countries, like in most others, the focus of REDD+ efforts has been on deforestation and to a lesser extent forest degradation. Accordingly, there is a matching deficiency in guidance material and national approaches to forest carbon stock enhancement as part of the REDD+ Strategy.
Vietnam has lost half its mangroves over the past 30 years, primarily as a result of the expansion in area for rice production and more recently clearing for shrimp ponds. This has serious consequences: mangroves protect against tidal waves and storm surges; they are vital fish nursery-grounds, provide timber, honey, and other products; and raise land levels by trapping sediment. They also have a high carbon content; the total carbon storage is very high relative to most forest types.
This project aims to support the governments of Vietnam and Lao PDR to successfully implement national REDD+ programmes that facilitate social and environmental multiple benefits. REDD+ could contribute to a range of policy goals above and beyond climate change mitigation.
The purpose of the project is to examine how different options for REDD+ design at international, national and local levels will affect the achievement of emission reductions and the co-benefits of sustainable development and poverty alleviation. It will identify the design elements needed for REDD+ to be pro poor and examine the cost implications. Partners in Brazil, Ghana, Tanzania, Uganda and Vietnam will examine the in-country distribution of REDD+ revenues and costs under different design option scenarios.
The Lowering Emissions in Asia’s Forests (LEAF) Programme aims to strengthen the capacity of target countries to achieve meaningful and sustained reductions in GHG emissions from the forestry-land use sector while assisting them in benefitting from the emerging international REDD+ framework. LEAF employs a regional approach to promote best practices, build technical capacity, facilitate regional platforms for information sharing, and develop scientifically-based forest monitoring systems.
This project will contribute to the overall goal that forest biodiversity is conserved through a process where voluntary FSC certification incorporates expanded and enhanced global and national forest management standards which are applied to emerging markets for biodiversity conservation and other ecosystems services.
The Congo Basin Forest Fund (CBFF) is a multi-donor fund set up to take early action to protect forests in the Congo Basin region. The Fund (£ 100 Million grant) invites Governments, Civil Society Organisations and the Private Sector within the Congo Basin to submit proposals for transformative and innovative initiatives to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation by building the capacity of people and institutions in countries of the Congo Basin.
This project explores forest carbon financing as a means of incentivising local actors (particularly communities) to conserve the biological diversity within the Cat Tien landscape. Originally devised as a pilot REDD+ project targeting the voluntary carbon market, further financial and technical analysis indicated such an approach to be unsustainable. Consequently, the project has been re-oriented to focus on developing models to inform potential future public sector funding for REDD+ in Vietnam.