UK Department for International Development

Contract duration:

Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Nepal, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia.

“DFID is excited to be entering into a new partnership with SNV to deliver improved sanitation and hygiene results in nine developing countries. This programme aims to lead to direct sanitation improvements to over two million people by December 2015.”
Leonard Tedd, Senior Infrastructure Adviser, DFID


Sustainable Sanitation & Hygiene for All Results Programme

Access to improved sanitation is a basic human right. But realising that right for the one third of the world’s population who still live without a safe, hygienic toilet requires a huge sense of urgency and collective action.

SNV’s Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All Results Programme aims to contribute to rebalancing the sanitation scales. Funded by the DFID Results Fund, the programme will support more than 2 million people to improve their sanitation situation across nine countries in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

Sustainable Sanitation & Hygiene for All (SSH4A)
Developed since 2008 by SNV and IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre in Nepal, Bhutan, Cambodia, Vietnam and Laos, SSH4A is a comprehensive, local government-led approach that takes sanitation beyond the community, working towards district-wide coverage and taking change to scale.

SSH4A focuses on strengthening capacity in four areas key to sustainable improved sanitation ­– steering and implementation of sanitation demand creation, sanitation supply chains and finance, behavioural change communication and WASH governance. 

Now implemented with rural communities in over 15 countries across Asia and Africa, SNV’s SSH4A programmes have so far reached more than 2.2 million rural people in Asia alone, enabling over 700,000 people to act to improve their sanitation situation.

What will we do?
Under the Sustainable Sanitation & Hygiene for All Results Programme, SNV and its local partners will be implementing the SSH4A approach in 9 countries across Africa and Asia (Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Nepal, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia). These countries have been selected based both on the urgent need for sanitation amongst their rural populations and the potential to further accelerate progress by up-scaling SSH4A activities locally.

Key outcomes of the SSH4A Results Programme will include:

  • 2.7 million people will be reached through sanitation and hygiene promotion activities
  • 2 million people will gain access to and use improved sanitation
  • 1,200 communities will become Open Defecation Free
  • 650,000 people will further improve their sanitation facilities to the JMP benchmark for improved sanitation
  • 400,000 people will improve their health through practicing hand washing with soap at critical times

Designed to ensure the social, economic, environmental and functional sustainability of these vital changes, the programme will also:

  • Build local capacity to steer and implement high-quality sanitation demand creation at scale in 50 districts, working with local governments and training hundreds of Community-led Total Sanitation facilitators;
  • Develop market-based solutions to improve access to affordable sanitation hardware and services (including sanitation marketing, supply chain development, and inclusive business), working with over a hundred local enterprises;
  • Build capacity for innovative hygiene behavioural change communication (BCC) around handwashing with soap, working with 45 health promotion agencies;
  • Ensure local sector alignment among stakeholders, improving planning and monitoring in 120 districts;
  • Enhance understanding of the sanitation needs and preferences of vulnerable groups (ultra-poor, the elderly and disabled), developing practical service strategies for these groups at district level; and
  • Contribute to national sector development for rural sanitation and hygiene by improving scaling strategies for rural sanitation and hygiene, certification processes and anchoring of post-ODF targets in the 9 programme countries.

>> Download an overview of SNV’s SSH4A programme
>> Explore our work in Water, Sanitation & Hygiene globally

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