Capacity development is increasingly seen as the sine qua non sine qua non of successful development. Yet despite the growing commitment to show results, documented examples of its impact are hard to find. This paper went in search of available evidence and reviewed 29 case studies of capacity development from three development organisations. Its conclusion is that development organisations and donors need to move away from their narrow focus on accountability to a broader focus on mutual learning. They should also stop looking for the perfect measurement policy and start measuring instead.
This report investigates the revenue generation prospects for greenhouse gas reductions by operating domestic biogas installations and is driven by carbon revenue’s high potential to improve the financial, technical and programmatic sustainability of large scale biogas projects. The actual reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by domestic biogas installations depends on the local situation, the size of the installation and the way in which the installation is operated, whereas the “claimable” GHG emission reduction depends on the applied carbon-accounting methodology.
Biogas installations reduce GHG emissions and the emission reduction units can be traded respectively on the compliance (certified emission reduction units produced – CERs) or voluntary market (voluntary emission reduction units produced – VERs). There are, however, trade-offs regarding both markets, such as complexity, cost, financial risk, quality standards and duration that need to be taken into consideration.
In order to clarify the risks involved as well as the mechanisms used in both markets, this report presents an extensive analysis on the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) (its project cycle and different methodologies), the voluntary market (the quality assurance methodology developed by the Gold Standard), as well as a guideline that facilitates the choice between CDM and Voluntary market depending on various characteristics. The implications of carbon revenue for biogas projects on the technical and programmatic level are also dealt with in detail.
This study presents an evaluation of the technical review of existing biogas plants in Bangladesh in order to facilitate the preparation of an implementation plan for the proposed National Domestic Biogas Programme (NDBP).
Study findings revealed that the main motivational factors for farmers to install biogas plants included saving time and money, environmental benefits, availability of subsidy and health benefits, etc. Further study outcomes indicated that only 68% of the required quantity of dung produced was fed into the plant. The main reason for under-feeding was the non-availability of feeding materials mainly due to decreased number of cattle. As for the general quality of construction, only 3% of plants had good condition, 76% were in a fair condition and 21% were in a poor state. The study indicated that despite the number of defects and weaknesses, the functional status of biogas plants was on average satisfactory. Biogas plants in general were reported to have positive impacts on users, where a family saved, on average, 1.21hrs per day. Further, the Financial Internal Rate of Return (FIRR) of biogas plants was calculated to be above 30%.
Based on the study findings, extensive recommendations for implementation of the NDBP were made. They included the connection of the programme with government’s initiatives, the modification of the design of biogas plants to suit the gas use patterns in Bangladesh, the creation of information and knowledge management, and the formulation of effective repair and maintenance mechanisms, among others.